Mr. Steinberg founded our Company and has served as our Chief Executive Officer since October 1988 and since August 2012, he has also served as our President. He has been a member of our Board of Directors since October 1988, serving as Chairman of the Board of Directors from October 1988 to November 2004. He also served as Editor-in-Chief of Individual Investor and Ticker, two magazines formerly published by our Company. Mr. Steinberg, together with Mr. Siracusano, was responsible for the creation and development of our proprietary index methodology. Prior to founding WisdomTree, Mr. Steinberg was employed as an analyst in the Mergers and Acquisitions Department of Bear, Stearns & Co. Inc., an investment banking firm, from 1986 to 1988. Mr. Steinberg is the author of Midas Investing, published by Times Books, a division of Random House, Inc. He attended The Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania.
David Abner has served as Head of WisdomTree Europe since August 2016 and became an Executive Vice President in January 2018. He has been with WisdomTree since April 2008 when he joined as Director of Institutional Sales and Trading in New York. In January 2012, he was appointed Head of Capital Markets, a position he held until relocating to London in 2016 to lead WisdomTree’s European efforts. Prior to joining WisdomTree, David was Head of ETF Trading Americas at BNP Paribas in New York from February 2006 through March 2008. He joined BNP after 14 years at Bear Stearns where he was Head of ETF Trading within the Equity Derivatives group. A well-renowned ETF expert, David has authored two books on the subject, The ETF Handbook (Wiley, 2010, 2016) and The Visual Guide to ETFs (Bloomberg, 2013). He is also the creator of the ETF Implied Liquidity function, one of the most widely-used metrics for determining the potential investable liquidity of an ETF. David holds a M.S. in Management and a B.A. in Economics from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
Stuart Bell has served as our Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer since January 2018. From October 2016 until December 2017, Mr. Bell served as our Director of International Business; in this capacity he worked across all facets of our businesses in Europe, Japan and Canada where he helped drive operational alignment and execution of our strategic growth objectives. Mr. Bell served as our Director of Corporate Communications and Investor Relations from January 2012 to October 2016. Mr. Bell joined WisdomTree in September 2007 to run Public Relations and Corporate Communications adding responsibility for Investor Relations in conjunction with our 2011 listing on NASDAQ. Before joining WisdomTree, Mr. Bell worked at Sloane & Company, a strategic communications and investor relations firm. Mr. Bell received his B.A. in History, with departmental honors and honors in general scholarship, from Trinity College where he was Phi Beta Kappa and named the President’s Fellow in History.
Jarrett Lilien has served as our Executive Vice President and Head of Emerging Technologies since November 2017. Prior to joining the executive management team, Mr. Lilien served on WisdomTree’s Board of Directors from November 2008 to December 2017. Until his most recent role, Mr. Lilien was the Managing Partner of Bendigo Partners, LLC, a financial services focused venture capital investing and advisory services firm he founded in 2008. From September 2012 to July 2014, Mr. Lilien served as the Chief Executive Officer of Kapitall Inc., an online investing platform. From 2003 to 2008, he served as President and Chief Operating Officer of E*TRADE Financial Corporation and earlier as President and Chief Brokerage Officer of subsidiary E*TRADE Securities. Prior to joining E*TRADE, Mr. Lilien spent 10 years as Chief Executive Officer at TIR (Holdings) Limited, a global institutional broker, which E*TRADE acquired in 1999. Mr. Lilien currently serves as President of the Jazz Foundation of America, is on the Board of Directors of Barton Mines Corporation and the Baryshnikov Arts Center, and is on the Advisory Board of WFUV FM Radio. In April 2015, he joined the Board of Directors of ITG (NYSE: ITG), an independent execution broker and research provider, and served as interim CEO from August 2015 until January 2016. Since November 2017, Mr. Lilien also has served on the Board of Directors of AdvisorEngine Inc., an innovative financial technology company in which WisdomTree originally invested in November 2016. Mr. Lilien received his B.A. in Economics from the University of Vermont.
Kurt MacAlpine has served as our Executive Vice President and Global Head of Distribution since July 2015. In connection with the Company’s strategic investment in November 2016 in AdvisorEngine Inc., a B2B full enterprise wealth management technology platform, Mr. MacAlpine joined AdvisorEngine’s Board of Directors. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. MacAlpine was employed at McKinsey & Company between May 2006 and June 2015 in a variety of consulting roles. He was elected as a Partner of McKinsey & Company in April 2013 and was the Leader of the North American Asset Management Practice. While at McKinsey & Company, Mr. MacAlpine managed global consulting teams in the asset management and wealth management industries on topics related to distribution, marketing, product development, international expansion, strategy and M&A. He has extensive experience working with domestic and foreign firms in North America, Asia and Europe. Mr. MacAlpine is from Canada originally and received his M.B.A. from Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario and his Bachelor of Commerce from Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Amit Muni has served as our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since March 2008. Prior to joining our Company, Mr. Muni served as Controller and Chief Accounting Officer of International Securities Exchange Holdings, Inc., an electronic options exchange, from 2003 until March 2008. Mr. Muni was Vice President, Finance, of Instinet Group Incorporated, an electronic agency broker-dealer, from 2000 to 2003. From 1996 until 2000, Mr. Muni was employed as a Manager of the Financial Services Industry Practice of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an accounting firm. From 1991 until 1996, Mr. Muni was an accountant and a senior auditor for National Securities Clearing Corporation, a firm that provides centralized clearing, information and settlement services to the financial industry. Mr. Muni received a B.B.A. in Accounting from Pace University and is a Certified Public Accountant.
Peter M. Ziemba has served as Executive Vice President – Senior Advisor to the CEO and Chief Administrative Officer since January 2018. Prior to this role he served as Executive Vice President—Business and Legal Affairs since January 2008 and Chief Legal Officer since March 2011. From April 2007 to March 2011, Mr. Ziemba served as our General Counsel. Prior to joining WisdomTree, Mr. Ziemba was a partner in the Corporate and Securities department of Graubard Miller, which served as our primary corporate counsel, from 1991 to 2007, and was employed at that firm beginning in 1982. Mr. Ziemba received his B.A. in History with university honors from Binghamton University and his J.D., cum laude, from Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law. Mr. Ziemba served as a director of our Company from 1996 to 2003.